Mimosa tenuiflora [Willd.] Poir., syn. Mimosa hostilis, also known as Jurema-preta, Calumbi, Tepezcohuite, Carbonal, Cabrera, Yurema, Black Yurema, is a perennial tree or shrub native to the northeastern region of Brazil (Paraíba, Rio Grande do Norte, Ceará, Pernambuco, Bahia). There are over 350 epecies of Mimosa that occurs in Brazil. but only a few are of economical interest. Such ones are for sale here, so you can buy directly from the Source with plenty of information.
The fern-like branches have leaves that are Mimosa like, finely pinnate, growing to 5 cm (2.0 in) long. Each compound leaf contains 15–33 pairs of bright green leaflets 5–6 mm (0.20–0.24 in) long. The tree itself grows up to 8 m (26 ft) tall and it can reach 4–5 m (13–16 ft) tall in less than 5 years. The white, fragrant flowers occur in loosely cylindrical spikes 4–8 cm (1.6–3.1 in) long. In the Northern Hemisphere it blossoms and produces fruit from November to June or July. In the Southern Hemisphere it blooms primarily from September to January. The fruit is brittle and averages 2.5–5 cm (0.98–1.97 in) long. Each pod contains 4–6 seeds that are oval, flat, light brown and 3–4 mm (0.12–0.16 in) in diameter. There are about 145 seeds/1 g (0.035 oz). In the Southern Hemisphere, the fruit ripens from February to April.
The tree's bark is dark brown to gray. It splits lengthwise and the inside is reddish brown.
The tree's wood is dark reddish brown, some times pink or purple. with a yellow center. It is very dense, durable and strong, having a density of about 1.11 g/cm³.
Mimosa tenuiflora does very well after a forest fire or other major ecological disturbance. It is a prolific pioneer plant. It drops its leaves on the ground, continuously forming a thin layer of mulch and eventually humus. Along with its ability to fix nitrogen, the tree conditions the soil, making it ready for other plant species to come along.
The bark, specially the root bark, is well known to be rich in tannins, saponins, alkaloids, lipids, phytosterols, glucosides, xylose, rhamnose, arabinose, lupeol, methoxychalcones, and kukulkanins. Additionally, Mimosa tenuiflora contains labdane diterpenoids.
Complete info at: https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-89132008000500010
A tea made of the barks has been used to treat tooth pain. For cases of cough and bronchitis, a water extract (decoction) of Mimosa tenuiflora is drunk. A handful of bark in one liter of water is used by itself or in a syrup. The solution is drunk until the symptoms subside.
One preliminary clinical study found Mimosa tenuiflora to be effective in treating venous leg ulcerations. It also acts as antimicrobial and disinfectant. The plant can also be used as a slimming agent, in combating ulcers and other stomach problems.
In South America and Mexico it is widely used to treat wounds and burnts in skin, but also acne and other skin problems. Consequently, products of the plant (generally grouped under the term "Tepezcohuite") have become a popular cosmetic ingredient in commercial skincare products, used and marketed by celebrities such as Kylie Jenner and Salma Hayek. Aparently, the healing powers of Mimosa tenuiflora can prevent skin aging as well, but further studyes may yet to be made to prove such effect.
Despite of that, we sell Mimosa hostilis as RAW MATERIAL, therefore, it is not suitable for consumption the way it is. You must process it on your country's healthy authority standards before producing anythin consumable with our product.
The tree is an acceptable source of forage or fodder for animals, providing vital protein and other nutrients. It does well in the dry season and in drought, while providing life saving food for local livestock and animals. Cows, goats and sheep eat the pods and leaves. There seems to be evidence that Mimosa tenuiflora forage or fodder cause development defects to pregnant ruminants in Brazil
The tree is an important source of forage for bees, especially during the summer when other plants do not bloom.
Like most plants in the family Fabaceae, Mimosa tenuiflora fertilizes the soil via nitrogen fixing bacteria. The tree is useful in fighting soil erosion and for reforestation.
Mimosa tenuiflora is a very good source of fuel wood and works very well for making posts, most likely because of its high tannin content (about 16%), which protects it from rot, insects and other destructive agents. It is also a hard wood, very resistant along time.
Due to its high tannin content, the bark of the tree, especially the root bark, is widely used as a natural dye for textile and in leather tanization. It is used to make bridges, buildings, fences, furniture and wheels. It is an excellent source of charcoal and at least one university as prooved it. It is also rich in pharmacological ingredients, including alkaloids that are usefull for many medical purposes.
The healing properties of the tree make it useful in treating domestic animals and humans. A solution of the root bark can be used for washing mamals in the prevention of parasites, including against parasites like lice, fleas and ticks.
Because the tree keeps most of its leaves during the dry season, it is an important source of shade for animals and plants during hot times.
The term Jurema or Yurema designates several species of Legumes of the genera Mimosa, Acacia and Pithecellobium. In the genus Mimosa, Mimosa verrucosa Benth and Mimosa tenuiflora Willd (still commonly called Mimosa hostilis Benth, or formerly Mimosa Nigra or Acacia jurema Mart, or Acacia hostilis Mart.) are considered sacred for some religions from Midle East, Africa and Latin America.
Such cults are distributed among Indians, blacks and mestizos, but white-skinned people are also accepted in these cults, some of which date back to prehistory.
The Yurema or Acacia is also the plant considered sacred by the Freemasonry, and the Judaism. According to their beliefs, Acacia was the burning bush that appeared to Moses in the desert, from which Adonai (God) spoke to Moses and summoned him to free the Hebrew people from slavery in Egypt.
This theory is supported due to the fact that the wooden furniture and artifacts of the ancient sanctuary of the Hebrews were made of Acacia wood. Together with the fact that the Mimosa tenuiflora wood does not rot, due to high content of tannins, plus its religious uses, reinforce such thesis.
References to the Moses' episode can be found in other religions such as Islam, Christianity, Rastafarianism and in the Bahá'í Faith.
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